Career Guidance: Biotechnology
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Biotechnology is a science that involves manipulation of living organisms to get the desired results. The techniques involved in the process have evolved parallel to and subjected by the development of other areas of science and technology.
This course enables you to take up areas like Medical Biotechnology, Chemical Engineering, Food and Nutrition Biotechnology, Medical Electronics and Bioinformatics at postgraduate level. TKR College of Engineering and Technology ( www.tkrcet.ac.in), Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology (http://cbit.ac.in) and Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology ( www.gokaraju.org) are some colleges that offer B.Tech in Biotechnology. The admission is based on performance at EAMCET.
For details, log on to their websites. BPC students can seek admission in this stream of engineering, provided they take the bridge course in Mathematics offered by Board of Intermediate before the counselling (Refer The Hindu, Andhra Pradesh edition, Dt: 06/02/2008. ICFAI Institute of Science and Technology also offers this course. The eligibility criterion is Intermediate with MPC and at least 60 per cent marks. For details, visit www.icfaitech.org
( Courtesy: T.Muralidharan, http://www.thehindu.com )
Biotechnology (sometimes shortened to
"biotech") is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living
organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields
requiring bioproducts. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for
manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering
as well as cell and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide
range of procedures (and history) for modifying living organisms according to
human purposes — going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants,
and "improvements" to these through breeding programs that employ artificial
selection and hybridization. By comparison to biotechnology, bioengineering is
generally thought of as a related field with its emphasis more on higher systems
approaches (not necessarily altering or using biological materials directly) for
interfacing with and utilizing living things. The United Nations Convention on
Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as:
Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, including health care (medical), crop production and agriculture, non food (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g.biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, biofuels), and environmental uses.
For example, one application of biotechnology is the directed use of organisms for the manufacture of organic products (examples include beer and milk products). Another example is using naturally present bacteria by the mining industry in bioleaching. Biotechnology is also used to recycle, treat waste, cleanup sites contaminated by industrial activities (bioremediation), and also to produce biological weapons.
A series of derived terms have been coined to identify several branches of biotechnology; for example:
The investment and economic output of all of these types of applied biotechnologies is termed as bioeconomy.
In medicine, modern biotechnology finds promising applications in such areas as
( Courtesy: Wikkipedia)
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