Moderate alcohol is good for sick hearts
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moderate alcohol consumption is beneficial for people who had a previous heart
attack or other ischemic vascular events, a new study has concluded.
The study was performed by the Research Laboratories at the Catholic University
of Campobasso, Italy. It claimed that moderate consumption, defined as one or
two glasses of wine a day or the equivalent amounts of beer or other alcoholic
beverages, significantly reduces the risk of death from any cause in those who
already suffered from ischemic vascular disease.
The research, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC),
was performed using the statistic procedure of meta-analysis which allows to
combine different studies conducted worldwide to achieve more precise results.
Researchers analyzed the most important scientific studies performed during the
last years. Eight in total in four Countries: United States, Sweden, Japan and
Great Britain. Each study took into account patients already affected by an
ischemic vascular event. During the years following the disease onset, patients
were followed by researchers to know which were the lifestyle habits, including
alcohol consumption, able to avoid a new clinical event. The meta-analysis
allowed to pool all those studies for a total of 16,351 people examined.
"We observed,” says Simona Costanzo, epidemiologist and first author of the
study, “that regular and moderate consumption has beneficial effects even for
people already affected by heart attack, or stroke. Not only they are less
likely to be affected by similar diseases again, but all-cause mortality too
resulted to be lower than in those who did not consume any alcoholic beverage".
The effect is very similar to that observed in healthy people. "Risk reduction”,
Costanzo argues, “is about 20 percent. This means that one event out of five can
be spared. It is a huge advantage, comparable to the one already recorded for
"When we talk about moderate alcohol consumption, we mean something quite far
from what we use to see in TV fictions,” says Licia Iacoviello, Head of the
Laboratory of Environmental and Genetic Epidemiology and responsible of the
Moli-sani Project. “We refer to moderation as drinking regularly, at low doses,
within a healthy lifestyle, such as the Mediterranean diet. A glass of wine or
beer during meals has always been an integral part of the Mediterranean way of
eating. Our research highlights another crucial issue: drinking has not only to
be moderate, but also regular. A moderate consumption spread along the week is
positive. The same amount of weekly alcohol, concentrated in a couple of days is
ANI / Times of India