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Cardiologist Naresh Trehan warns us of the
factors that put the heart at risk
Risk factors that can't be controlled:
Heredity: Having a family history of heart ailments almost doubles the
chances of a person facing similar health problems.
Age: Most people affected by coronary heart disease are in their 60s.
However, those in their 30s also suffer from heart attacks now.
Sex: Men are usually more at risk. Usually, women encounter heart
diseases after menopause, between 40-45 years of age.
Risk factors that can be controlled:
High blood sugar: It affects the functioning of blood vessels in the heart.
High blood pressure: Increases the load on the heart and can result in a
stroke or heart attack.
High cholesterol: It results in fatty deposits, which block the arteries.
Obesity: If your weight is above 10 per cent of your ideal body weight,
you are heading for trouble.
Smoking: Compared to a non-smoker, a smoker stands double the chances of
developing heart disease. Smoking can also cause sudden heart failure.
Alcohol: Excessive consumption of alcohol causes irregular heartbeats and
can lead to a stroke.
Inactive lifestyle: Regular exercise keeps obesity, diabetes, cholesterol
and blood pressure under control. The intensity of workout may vary person to
Stress: Relaxation after every 24 hours is a must. Cumulative stress is
an extremely harmful thing for physical and mental health.
Regular check-ups: A person with a family history of heart ailments
should go for regular check-ups after the age of 30. Early detection of the
disease makes it easier for medics and there is a possibility of restoring 99
per cent of that person's lifespan.
Intelligent eating: Basic knowledge of diet helps a person opt for
healthy options. Don't overeat, have your meals on time and avoid eating late at
night. Limit the consumption of white sugar, white bread and oil.
Regular exercise: Brisk walking for 45 minutes, five times in a week, is
necessary for every one. One can opt for yoga or other high intensity workouts
too. The basic idea is to be fit and attain an ideal body weight.
Avoid smoking: Consumption of tobacco in any form is a great health risk and
should be avoided.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in diabetics
Courtesy: The Times of India