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L.Srikumar Pai
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Guidelines for using LPG or Cooking gas

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LPG: Cooking gas | maintenance | advantages| safety tips

What is LPG?


LPG is Liquefied Petroleum Gas. Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) are obtained by refining of crude oil and from natural gas by oil absorption or refrigerated absorption process.

LP Gases are mixtures of hydrocarbons, which are gaseous at normal ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure, but can be liquefied at normal ambient temperature by application of moderate pressure.

It is a clean burning, non-poisonous, dependable, high calorific value fuel.

LPG is stored and transported in containers as a liquid, but is generally drawn out and used as a gas.

LPG in gaseous state is nearly twice as heavy as air. Any leakage of LPG, therefore, tends to settle down at floor level.

Liquid LPG is almost half as heavy as water. Thus, when liquid LPG gets converted to a gaseous state, it expands by about 250 times. The leakage of liquid LPG is therefore very dangerous.

LPG contains no toxic components such as carbon monoxide and is, therefore, non-poisonous.

Fuel gases will burn only when mixed with air in certain proportions. The minimum and maximum concentrations of a fuel gas in a gas / air mixture between which the mixture can be ignited are termed as the over and upper limit of inflammability - The lower flammability limit for LPG is 2% and the higher limit is 8.5%.

Pure LPG is colourless and odourless. LPG is distinctively odourised to give warning in case of leakage. Its smell is detectable in air at concentrations down to 1/5th of the lower explosive limit.

  What are the uses of LPG?
  Lpg can be used for various application such as:
Household Cooking/ Heating / Lighting
Agriculture Grain drying / Weed killing / Preservation of fruits / tobacco curing / Tea drying
Automobile Heat treatment / Paint baking
Ceramics Biscuit & Glost firing of porcelain & stoneware
Chemicals & Drugs Heating & Drying
Electrical Bulbs & Tube lights manufacture / filament manufacture / Battery
  What is cooking gas?
Cooking gas is Liquefied Petroleum Gas, LPG in short. LPG, as the name implies, is gas in liquid form under pressure. It is filled under pressure in cylinders, stored and then transported to your house.
What happens when you activate the pressure regulator? First the pressure inside the cylinder is reduced because some gas is drawn off to the burner. Then to balance the pressure some liquid vaporizes, becoming gas.
LPG in gaseous form is almost twice as heavy as air. When released it always settles down on the floor level. It is colourless and also odourless, so a special odour is added at the plant to give it a distinctive smell for easy detection in case of leakage.
  How do I get a new LPG connection?
New LPG Connections are now available on demand in most of the parts of the country. All you need to do is approach the nearest Bharatgas Distributor catering to your area with a proof of identity and proof of your residence address. In case there is a waiting list for new connection at any place, the distributor will register your name for a new connection and give you a waiting list number. Thereafter, he will send you an intimation letter as soon as your turn matures.

The various documents accepted as proof of identity and proof of residence is as under:

Proof of Identity* Proof of Address*
Voters Identification Card
Driving Licence
PAN Card
Any Photo identification issued by State Government
Aadhaar Number allotment letter
Voters Identification Card
Ration Card
Electricity Bill ( within last three months)
Telephone bill( within last three months)
Employers Certificate
Rent Receipt (Last two months)
LIC Policy (Validity to be checked)
Flat allotment letter
House Registration Papers
Aadhaar Number allotment letter

  What are the documents I will receive after obtaining a new LPG connection?
  On payment of requisite deposit you will be issued a Subscription Voucher[SV], which you must keep safely.

The Bharatgas Distributor will issue a booklet called the Domestic Consumer Gas Card, popularly known as Blue Book or the Pass Book where the particulars of your LPG connection, the details of supply and other services are entered by the distributor's staff.

Then You would also be issued LPG Safety and Conservation related literature.

In case you need any further information, please contact the Customer Relations centre. The address is displayed at all Bharatgas Distributors' showroom these are also advertised in the Press. You can view the list in the Customer Care section.
  How do I get a new LPG distributorship?
Locations where new LPG Distributorships are to be set up are advertised in newspapers. The guidelines for selection are available on this website in the section 'Distributor Appointment'. You can download the same free of cost.



More guidelines.....

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