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Mathematics is science of structure, order, and
relation that has evolved from counting, measuring, and describing the shapes of
objects. It deals with logical reasoning and quantitative calculation. Since the
17th century it has been an indispensable adjunct to the physical sciences and
technology, to the extent that it is considered the underlying language of
science. Among the principal branches of mathematics are algebra, analysis,
arithmetic, combinatorics, Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries, game theory,
number theory, numerical analysis, optimization, probability, set theory,
statistics, topology, and trigonometry.
Computer Science |
The word "mathematics" comes from the Greek (máthēma), which means in ancient
Greek what one learns, what one gets to know, hence also study and science, and
in modern Greek just lesson.
The word "mathematics" in Greek came to have the narrower and more technical
meaning "mathematical study", even in Classical times.Its adjective is (mathēmatikós),
meaning related to learning or studious, which likewise further came to mean
mathematical. In Latin, and in English until around 1700, the term "mathematics"
more commonly meant "astrology" (or sometimes "astronomy") rather than
"mathematics"; the meaning gradually changed to its present one from about 1500
to 1800. This has resulted in several mistranslations: a particularly notorious
one is Saint Augustine's warning that Christians should beware of "mathematici"
meaning astrologers, which is sometimes mistranslated as a condemnation of
Base of Mathematics Related Resources -
Links to selected resource guides, directories, software archives and
bibliographic references on applied and computational mathematics.
LLEK Bookmarks Scientific Search Engines - Mathematics -
A comprehensive catalog of scientific resources and media worldwide but
especially in German and English. Directories of journals; catalogs of
search engines; additional starting points and sites of special interest.
MTHWWW: Mathematics Resources on the WWW -
Covering most branches of mathematics and a good selection of general math
resources. Compiled by M. Maheswaran, University of Wisconsin Marathon
Math on the Web -
Directory of mathematical sites.
Math-Net Links -
A large collection of mathematical and related links.
Directory of on-line mathematics, mainly research literature. At Göttingen,
Mathematical Resources -
A collection of links at CalTech.
Mathematical Resources on the Web -
Compiled at the University of Florida.
Mathematics Resources on the Internet -
Links by Bruno Kevius. General and by topic.
Mathematics Sources -
A list maintained at U Penn.
Mathematics WWW Virtual Library -
Directory of mathematical web sites, maintained at Florida State University.
Mathematics Websites -
Popular directory of math web sites. At Penn State.
Online Resources for Mathematics -
The Virtual Reference Desk for mathematics at the CERN Library (HEP
Libraries Webzine, Issue 3, March 2001, Antonella De Robbio).
Platonic Realms Math Links Library -
Annotated directory of mathematics sites on the Internet.
Russian Mathematical Database -
Directory of Russian mathematical organizations, departments and
mathematicians; publications; library catalogues; journals; projects.
The Math Forum Internet Mathematics Library -
Database sorted by topic, type of media, and age level.
The Permutation Homepage -
A ring of mathematical web pages.
Listings of authors, experts, jobs, links, questions, requests and
scholarships in mathematics.
American Mathematical society -
Founded to promote mathematical research and education through conferences,
contests surveys, publications, employment services, scholarship programs,
locating research funding, resources, and outreach. Includes program news
and membership information.
International Mathematical Union (IMU) -
Promotes international co-operation in Mathematics. Information about the
Union and its executive committee, news bulletins and details of member
Advanced Technology Council in Mathematics -
Promotes technology for learning and research in mathematics, and
dissemination of information. Meetings, publications, software.
African Mathematical Union (UMA) -
African equivalent of the International Mathematical Union. Interim site
with details of the Union's activities.
Association for Christians in the Mathematical Sciences -
Promotes interaction among Christians in the mathematical sciences and
encourages them to explore the relationship of their faith to their
discipline. History, meetings, membership, online newsletter and resources.
Association for Women in Mathematics -
A nonprofit organization dedicated to encouraging and promoting women and
girls in the mathematical sciences including pure and applied mathematics
and statistics. Site has newsletters, events and resources including job
Atlantic Provinces Council on the Sciences: Mathematics and
Statistics Committee -
An association to encourage and further research in all mathematical
sciences, statistics and computer science, in the Atlantic region. Lists
board of directors, programs past, present and future and e-mail contacts
Australian Mathematical Society (AustMS) -
Founded to promote and extend of mathematical knowledge and its applications
in Australia. The site contains information about the society, its
publications and conferences.
Austrian Mathematical Society -
The national mathematics society of Austria. Membership information and
Belgian Mathematical Society (BMS) -
National mathematics society. Includes staff, conference details and
Canadian Mathematical Society (CMS) -
National mathematical society. General information, activities, membership
and Camel accounts.
Canterbury Mathematical Association -
New Zealand organisation to encourage and support the teaching and learning
of Mathematics. Events and Cantmath competition news.
Chinese Mathematical Society -
A professional society comprising thousands of members and publishing
mathematical journals and book series.
Conference for African-American Researchers in the
Mathematical Sciences -
CAARMS addresses critical issues involving African-American researchers and
graduate students in the mathematical sciences.
Council for the Mathematical Sciences -
A body representing the main UK mathematical societies.
Czech Mathematical Society -
A section of the Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists. Organisation,
contacts, documents, jobs meetings, resources. English/Czech site.
Danish Mathematical Society -
Founded with the purpose of acting for the benefit of mathematics in
research and education. Contact details, activities, members, archives,
links and online membership form.
Edinburgh Mathematical Society (EMS) -
Founded in 1883 for "the mutual improvement of its members in the
Mathematical Sciences, pure and applied", it is the principal mathematical
society for the university community in Scotland. Membership is drawn from
all the Scottish universities and other educational institutions as well as
from mathematicians in industry and commerce both at home and overseas.
Estonian Mathematical Society -
National mathematical society. Contact information and list of members.
European Mathematical Society (EMS) -
Aims to further the development of all aspects of mathematics in the
countries of Europe and establish a sense of identity amongst European
mathematicians. Includes electronic library, databases and details of
European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics -
Fosters collaborative work within the European research community and with
European industry. Activities, publications, information and links.
European Women in Mathematics -
An affiliation of women bound by a common interest in the position of women
in mathematics. Encourages and supports women to take up and continue their
studies and research in mathematics. Newsletter, meetings and links.
Finnish Mathematical Society -
A society for professionals, appliers and students of mathematics. Includes
background information, links and details of seminars.
Hong Kong Mathematical Society (HKMS) -
Membership directory, meetings and the Hong Kong mathematicians directory.
International Association for Cryptologic Research -
The IACR is dedicated to promoting research in Cryptology. They sponsor the
Crypto, Eurocrypt, and Asiacrypt conferences, run workshops, and publish the
Journal of Cryptology.
International Association for Statistical Computing -
International organization concerned with the theory, methods and practice
of statistical computing. Includes online newsletter and software archives.
International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education -
Promotes international contacts and the exchange of scientific information
in the psychology of mathematics education. Organization details, guidelines
and latest news.
International Linear Algebra Society -
Based in Israel, promotes international co-ordination to assist the
development of theoretical matrix analysis and linear algebra. Includes
details of the Hans Schneider Prize and Taussky-Todd Lecture.
International Society for Bayesian Analysis -
Promotes the development and application of Bayesian statistical theory and
methods useful in the solution of theoretical and applied problems in
science, industry and government.
International Society for Mathematical and Computational
Detail and analysis on the development of CAD and other influences in
contemporary design. A division of the International Society for Group
Theory in Cognitive Science. Contact information.
International Society for the Arts, Mathematics, and
ISAMA furthers interdisciplinary education relating the arts, mathematics,
and architecture. Links to resources in the three areas.
International Statistical Institute -
Links to events and resources for statisticians, educators or anyone else
interested in data analysis techniques.
Irish Mathematical Society -
Aims to further mathematics and mathematical research in Ireland. Its
membership is international, but it mainly represents mathematicians in
universities and other third level institutes in Ireland. Bulletins,
meetings, membership information, group rules and structure, employment
opportunities, members-only area, and links to useful resources.
Israel Mathematical Union (IMU) -
Professional association, with lists of members and upcoming lectures and
Japanese Association of Mathematical Sciences -
A scientific research organization whose main activity is to publish
scientific journals in English, French or German.
János Bolyai Mathematical Society -
(Hungarian Mathematical Society)
Korean Mathematical Society -
The official academic society of Korean mathematicians. Details about the
group, activities, publications, and membership.
London Mathematical Society (LMS) -
Established in 1865 for the promotion and extension of mathematical
knowledge. To this end the Society undertakes various publications and holds
regular meetings, conferences and symposia. In spite of its name, the
Society is not simply a London society. It is the major British learned
society for Mathematics, with a nationwide membership. It also has several
hundred overseas members.
Mathematical Association of America (MAA) -
The world's largest organization devoted to the interests of collegiate
Mathematical Association of Victoria -
Australian non-profit association founded in 1906. Has members from various
levels of mathematics teaching.
Mathematics Foundation of America -
The purpose of MFOA is to ensure that the mathematically talented high
school student receives mathematics education appropriate for a future
mathematician by providing suitable summer programs and mentors.
Member and Associate Member Societies of the European
Mathematical Society -
Member list with contact information and links, if available.
Moscow Mathematical Society -
The Legacy of A. N. Kolmogorov. April 25, 1903 - October 20, 1987. Addresses
by Kolmogorov at meetings of the Moscow Mathematical Society.
National Association of Mathematicians -
US. Aims to promote excellence in the mathematical sciences and the
mathematical development of underrepresented American minorities.
New Zealand Mathematical Society -
Conferences, notifications, affiliations, activities, membership details,
and contact information.
Norwegian Mathematical Society -
Contact details, online newsletter and information on the Abel symposia.
Resources of Scholarly Societies - Mathematics -
Created by compilers at the University of Waterloo Library.
Singapore Mathematical Society -
Events, programs, publications, news and announcements, and membership
South African Mathematical Society -
Promotes quality learning, teaching, research, social applications, and
promotion of math among the general public. Include mission statement, list
of members, publications, and events.
South-East Asia Mathematical Society -
Activities, committee, constitution and publications.
Swiss Mathematical Society -
History of the group, affiliations, and publications.
The Mathematical Association -
British mathematics teachers' association.
The Theta Foundation -
A scientific and not-for-profit organisation, promoting mathematical
knowledge, based in Romania.
UK Mathematics Trust -
Organizes national mathematics competitions in the UK for 12-18 year old
students. Entry forms and past papers.
Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists -
One of the oldest European societies in mathematics and physics.
Web Math Collaboration (WMC) -
A cooperative of mathematical web sites with similar goals and principles.
Also, includes a discussion board, chat help, and formula tables.
Young Mathematicians Network (YMN) -
A loose organization of mathematicians in the junior part of their careers.
Newsletter and useful links.