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L.Srikumar Pai
B.Sc( Engg.), MIE, MIWWA, MICI
Civil Engineer & CAD Specialist
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Wall & floor tiles

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Tile flooring is one of the most versatile forms of floor covering with styles catering for every taste and a durable, easy-care surface suitable for every kind of lifestyle. It is not surprising, therefore, that it is one of the most popular choices of flooring and is used in a variety of domestic and even commercial situations.

How to Choose Floor Tile
By Charlotte Kuchinsky
eHow Contributing Writer


Choosing floor tile may sound as simple as choosing the color you want. Unfortunately, it usually isn't that easy. A lot of things should be included in before an informed flooring decision can be made.

  1. Step 1

    Determine which room floor you wish to tile. Take into consideration the traffic that the room experiences because you must consider the durability of your tile before you make a choice. For example, most tiles are rated on a scale between one and five, with one being the least durable and five being the most durable. So, if you are looking for a very durable type of tile, you will want to choose something with a rating of four or five.Also take into considerations any other important room requirements that you have identified such as how easily the tile can be cleaned, how often it must be cleaned, or how often it will likely need to be replaced. Think about how the floor will be used. For example, a play room floor will likely experience a lot of jumping, bouncing, running, hitting, and a large number of other "play" factors. That might have an impact on the type of tile for that room.

  2. Step 2

    Decide what type of tile you want. Will it be brick, concrete, ceramic, cork, glass, mosaic, peel and stick, porcelain, terra cotta, terrazzo or something else? Your choice can be dependent upon a number of factors, like the room's specific requirements for moisture proof, non-slip, scuff proof, water resistant or another specific type of tile. Also take into consideration other factors that might affect your tile choice like its susceptibility to extreme heat or cold; how easily it can be maintained; its level of refurbishing difficulty; and of course, how easily it can be laid by a novice.

  3. Step 3

    Decide on the color and pattern of the tile you want. Not all types of tiles come in all colors or patterns so this decision may affect your tile possibilities. While ceramic tiles come in solid colors and patterns, other types of tiles come only in patterns. Therefore, this decision may eliminate some tile possibilities.

  4. Step 4

    Determine the size of the tile you want to use. A lot of tile comes in a standard 12 inch by 12 inch size, however, there are also smaller sizes like 10 inch by 10 inch, or 8 inch by 8 inch. If your heart is set on using smaller tiles, then your options with regard to tile choice will be significantly narrowed.

  5. Step 5

    Determine the supplies necessary to lay the tile. Will it require grout, glue, or something else in order to complete the job. This may have an impact on your final tile choices.

  6. Step 6

    Measure the floor to determine the square footage of the space to be covered. Using the tile size and the square footage of the room, calculate the number of tiles required to do the job. Be sure to allow for some replacement tiles in case you need to cut and splice in places or replace damaged tiles.

  7. Step 7

    Establish a budget for your tile floor. If you don't have an unlimited amount of money on hand to choose top grade tile, you need to establish that limitation. While you can search for deals, sales, or clearance tile, there is no guarantee that you will be able to find exactly what you want, when you want it.

  8. Step 8

    Purchase your tile choices based on all of the decisions you have made in the steps above

( Courtesy: )

Guidelines to select  floor tiles ?

Step 1: Check the Tile's PEI Rating

One key factor is a tile's durability or PEI rating, which measures the wear resistance of the tile surface. Floor tile is designed for different uses -- from light foot traffic in the bathroom to heavy foot traffic in the kitchen. So it's important to choose a tile that's right for your application.

Light-traffic tile includes areas walked on with soft-soled or bare feet such as in bathrooms and bedrooms. Medium-traffic tile works for normal footwear and offers limited scratch potential. Also consider if a tile is slip resistant. If the floor will be exposed to water or spills or if you have small children, slip-resistant tile is a must

Step 2: Consider Climate for Exterior Tile

When it comes to exterior applications, consider climate. If you have freezing temperatures, pick a porcelain tile that's frost resistant. Once you've determined your durability needs, you can now focus on tile beauty. Look to books and magazines for inspiration, and take clues from your home's color scheme.

If uncomfortable with using color, stick with a more neutral palette or use color as an accent. Also consider the size, shape and texture of the tile. Do you like a lot of detail or do you prefer simple patterns

Step 3: Tile Walls Along with Floors

To create a total designer look, consider using wall tile that coordinates with your floor tile selection. Wall tile is NOT recommended for use on floors.

Step 4: Choose From Different Surfaces

What type of tile surface is most pleasing to you? Glazed porcelain and ceramic tile is extremely hard and resistant to moisture, staining and wear. Mosaic tiles are small and made from porcelain or clay. They can be used by themselves or as accent pieces when combined with other tile.

If you want a more organic feel, consider a natural stone product such as marble, travertine, limestone or slate. Stone tile offers variations in color and usually requires a sealant to block out stains. Quarry tile is an unglazed tile manufactured from natural clays and shale. It has a high resistance to moisture and slipping. Finally, when selecting tile don't forget about the grout, which comes in a variety of stain-resistant colors and will affect the overall look of your design.


Floor tile laying

step-by step floor tiling instructions below :

Step 1. It is recommended that floor tiling is set out from the middle of the floor so that any cuts are to the outside of the layout. Spread an area of adhesive with a solid-bed notched floor trowel and firmly press the first tile into the adhesive.

Step 2 When starting a new area of tiling it is important to check that the tile is correctly bedded into the adhesive without any voids. Use a trowel to lift the tile to check coverage.

Step 3 The adhesive must be evenly applied and in contact with the tile and base to assure long term adhesion and performance. If necessary re-trowel the adhesive and replace the tile firmly into the adhesive bed.

Step 4 At the edge of the tiled area check the measurement to assess any irregularity in the wall and the cut required.

Step 5 Set the edge tile upside down and mark the cut on the reverse. This should then be transferred to the face before cutting. The cut edge is set to the room edge.

Step 6 Floor tiles should be cut using a tile cutter. After marking the measurement, scribe and break using the cutter.

Step 7 Awkward shapes to fit tiles round pipes and other room fittings should be cut using tile nippers. Irregularities in the cut can be smoothed off with a tile file. Protective goggles should be worn during cutting.

Step 8 When the adhesive is dry, usually within 24-hours, the floor can be grouted. Spread grout over the area working it well into the joints with a spreading tool. Clean off excess grout in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.



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