The Domestic Sector accounts for 30% of total
energy consumption in the country. There is a tremendous scope to conserve
energy by adopting simple measures.
This information is a guide, which offers easy, practical solutions for saving
energy in Home Appliances. Please, take a few moments to read the valuable tips
that will save energy & money and ultimately help conserve our natural
It would be useful to know which gadget consumes how much electricity. Economic
use of home appliances can help in reducing electricity bills.
Why should we save
Using energy wisely means being efficient.
We use energy everyday at home, at school, at work, and even
when you're playing.
By saving energy you're helping to save the world's energy
resources like coal, gas, oil and water and you're also saving money on your
Best of all, by using energy wisely we can cut down on
pollutants in the air and water,
a better environment for everyone.
Think about what would happen if there wasn't enough energy.
. . there would be no light to turn on when it got dark . . . there would
not be any hot water for the shower or heat for your house in the winter . .
. no gas or oil to drive the car . . . so there are lots of reasons we
should save energy.
the following simple guidelines for saving electricity and cutting down your
(A) At Home
The lights and television
use electrical energy, so when you leave the room, shut them off.
During the day when it is
brighter outside, open the curtains and use the sunlight instead of turning
on the lights.
Don't leave windows or
doors open when the air conditioning is on. This makes the AC have to work
harder to cool a room.
When you have a sunny day,
help hang the Clothes outside instead of using the dryer.
Turn off the lights when
not in use
Take advantage of daylight
by using light-colored, loose-weave curtains on your windows to allow
daylight to penetrate the room. Also, decorate with lighter colors that
De-dust lighting fixtures
to maintain illumination.
Compact Fluorescent Bulbs (CFL)
are four times more energy efficient than incandescent bulbs and provide the
same for lighting.
Use electronic chokes in
place of conventional copper chokes.
Slim tube lights give
better light and consume less electricity than the filament lamps.
Fans & Electric Iron
regulators with electronic regulators for ceiling fans.
Install exhaust fans at a
higher elevation than ceiling fans.
Select iron boxes with
automatic temperature cutoff.
Use appropriate regulator
position for ironing.
Do not put more water on
clothes while ironing.
Do not iron wet clothes.
§Do not switch on the power when
TV and Audio Systems are not in use.Idle
leads to an energy loss of 10 watts /device.
§Turn off your home office
equipment when not in use.
§A computer that runs 24 hours a
day, for instance, uses – more power than an
§If your computer must be left
on, turn off the monitor; this device alone uses more than
half the system's energy.
§Setting computers, monitors,
and copiers to use sleep-mode when not in use helps
cut energy costs by approximately 40%.
chargers, such as those for laptops, cell phones and digital cameras,
power whenever they are plugged in and are very inefficient. Pull the plug and
§Screen savers save computer
screens, not energy. Start-ups and shutdowns do not
use any extra energy, nor are they hard on your computer components. In fact,
shutting computers down when you are finished using them actually reduces system
wear and saves energy.
Prefer air conditioners having automatic temperature cut off.
Keep regulators at “low cool” position.
Operate the ceiling fan in conjunction with your window air
conditioner to spread the cooled air more effectively throughout the room
and operate the air conditioner at higher temperature.
Seal the doors and windows properly.
Leave enough space between your air conditioner and the walls
to allow better air circulation.
A roof garden can reduce the load on Air Conditioner
Use windows with sun films/curtains.
Set your thermostat as high as comfortably possible in the
summer. The less difference between the indoor and outdoor temperatures, the
lower will be energy consumption.
Don't set your thermostat at a colder setting than normal
when you turn on your air conditioner. It will not cool your home any faster
and could result in excessive cooling.
Don't place lamps or TV sets near your air-conditioning
thermostat. The thermostat senses heat from these
appliances, which can cause the air conditioner to run longer than
Plant trees or shrubs to shade air-conditioning units but not
to block the airflow. A unit operating in the shade uses as much as 10% less
electricity than the same one operating in the sun.
Keep doors to the outside
closed when the heat or air conditioning is on. Every time you open a door
while the heating or cooling system is operating, lots of expensive heated
or cooled air escapes. That's why it helps to close them quickly when you
come in or go out of the house.
Avoid dry grinding in your food
processors (mixers and grinders) as it takes longer time than liquid grinding.
Consumes 50 % less energy
than conventional electric / gas stoves.
Do not bake large food
Don't open the oven door
too often to check food condition as each opening leads to a temperature
drop of 25°C.
§Turn off electric stoves
several minutes before the specified cooking time.
§Use flat-bottomed pans that
make full contact with the cooking coil.
§When cooking on a gas burner,
use moderate flame settings to conserve LPG.
§Remember that a blue flame
means your gas stove is operating efficiently.
§Yellowish flame is an indicator
that the burner needs cleaning.
§Use pressure cookers as much as
§Use lids to cover the pans
§Bring items taken out of
refrigerators (like vegetables, milk etc) to room temperature
before placing on the gas stove for heating.
§Use Solar Water Heater – a good
replacement for a electric water heater.
manual-defrost refrigerators and freezers; frost buildup increases
the amount of energy needed to keep the motor running.
§Leave enough space between your
refrigerator and the walls so that air can easily
circulate around the refrigerator.
§Don't keep your refrigerator or
freezer too cold.
§Make sure your refrigerator
door seals are airtight.
Check that refrigerator door seals are proper : Use a
slip of paper to check the door seal. Close the door on the paper,
then see if you can pull it out easily. If it pulls
right out, your door may need new seals or the refrigerator may need to be
replaced. If it sticks snugly in place and you have to tug to get it out, that
means the door seals are working properly.
§Cover liquids and wrap foods
stored in the refrigerator. Uncovered foods release moisture
and make the compressor work harder.
§Do not open the doors of the
§Don't leave the fridge door
open for longer than necessary, as cold air will escape.
§Use smaller cabinets for
storing frequently used items.
§Avoid putting hot or warm food
straight into the fridge.
ahead what you need from the refrigerator before opening the door. This
energy by keeping the time the door is open as short as possible.
§The electricity consumption by
your geyser can be considerably reduced if the members
of your family bathe in quick succession and switch it off as soon as it is no
§Always wash only with full
§Use optimal quantity of water.
§Use timer facility to save
§Use the correct amount of
§Use hot water only for very
§Always use cold water in the
§Prefer natural drying over
(B) At Shops and Business Establishments
§Avoid excessive illumination.
Please keep only as many fans and lights on as you
§Do not use neon sign boards.
Use only painted sign boards.
§Use energy saving compact
fluorescent lamps for the illumination of your shops, showrooms,
§Try to switch on your room air
conditioners and coolers at least one hour late and switch
off one hour early. Preferably, do not use these heavy duty appliances.
§Please close the shops and showrooms precisely
§Use solar water heaters for hot
water requirements of your hotels and lodges.
(C) At Farms
§Provide shunt capacitors at
terminals of your three-phase motor to help reduce current and ensure longer
life to your pump set.
§Use rigid PVC pipes to get more
§Avoid sharp bends and too many
joints in the suction and delivery lines.
§Use low-resistance foot valves.
§Lubricate pump sets at regular
§Choose suitable crop mix so
that at least one crop in a year is grown with least water consumption.