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The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT):

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The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an all India entrance examination conducted by 14 National Law Schools/Universities for admissions to their under-graduate and post graduate degree programmes (LL.B & LL.M).


Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a centralised test for admission to prominent National Law Universities in India. The test is taken after the 12th grade for admission to graduation  courses in Law. This exam was conducted for the first time on 11 May 2008 by NLSIU-Bangalore. A total number of 1037 seats from seven law schools ( Now 14 NLUs)  were offered to be filled by the test. The results of the first CLAT were announced on May 19, 2008. The two-hour admission test consists of objective type covering questions on English, general knowledge, basic mathematics, besides legal and logical reasoning.The second CLAT, for the academic year 2009-10, was conducted on 17 May 2009 by Nalsar-hyderabad and simultaneously by the preceding NLU(s) according to their establishment.


The 14 participating NLUs in the order of their establishment are:

  1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)
  2. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR)
  3. National Law Institute University, Bhopal (NLIU)
  4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
  5. National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
  6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
  7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
  8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
  9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (RGNUL)
  10. Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
  11. National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
  12. National Law University, Orissa (NLUO)
  13. National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
  14. National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJA)
The first CLAT Committee (consisting of Vice-Chancellors of the participating institutes) decided that the test should be conducted by rotation in the order of their establishment. Accordingly CLAT-2008 (NLSIU, Bangalore), CLAT-2009 (NALSAR, Hyderabad), CLAT-2010 (NLIU, Bhopal) and CLAT 2011 (WBNUJS, Kolkata) were conducted. The CLAT-2012 is being conducted by National Law University, Jodhpur (NLU, Jodhpur).

General Information

  1. Information regarding details of intake, reservation, courses offered along with the fee structure and further details is available on the CLAT website or website of the concerned University.
  2. Definition of disability for the purpose of admission shall be in accordance with Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. Disability in the act is defined to include: Blindness, low vision, leprosy cured, hearing impairment, loco-motor disability, mental disability or illness. A candidate will have to produce disability certificate from competent authority in accordance with the provisions of the Act at the time of admission.
  3. For details relating to the definition of NRI/NRI sponsored candidates and number of seats available for them, kindly see the information provided by different participating Universities.
  4. Some of the Universities (e.g. CNLU, Patna) will admit the NRI candidates directly whereas others will do so through CLAT. Please read the information provided by the participating Universities on the subject in the CLAT Information Brochure or on the CLAT Website.
  5. In the event of insufficient number of candidates appearing from a particular centre, the Convener CLAT-2012 reserves the right to cancel the centre and shift the applicants to another nearest centre.
  6. Foreign nationals are not permitted to appear in CLAT-2012. Those desirous of taking admission to any course in any of the participating Law Universities may directly contact the concerned University having seats for foreign nationals.
  7. Any candidate who requires a scribe to write the test should intimate in writing to the Convener, CLAT-2012 at the time of submitting their application form and in any case, not less than two months prior to the CLAT-2012 entrance examination, citing reasonable cause and attaching relevant supporting documents.
  8. There shall be a centralised admission process for CLAT-2012 on the basis of merit-cum-preference. All admissions shall be centrally done at National Law University, Jodhpur. The information relating to date of admission shall be placed on CLAT website from time to time.

[Five year integrated B.A./B.Sc.*/B.B.A.^/BSW^^/ B.Com.^^ LL.B (Hons.) Degree Courses]

*Offered by NUJS, NLU Jodhpur and GNLU.
^Offered by GNLU, NLU Jodhpur and NLUO.
^^Offered by GNLU.

[Two Year LL.M Degree Course*]
[Important Note: CNLU, Patna and NUSRL, Ranchi do NOT offer this course]
[*NLUO offers Conjoint LL.M.- Ph. D. Programme]

Eligibility for Under-Graduate Programmes

To be eligible to appear in CLAT, a candidate should have obtained a Senior Secondary School/Intermediate (10+2) or its equivalent qualification from a recognised Board with not less than 50% marks in aggregate (45% in case of SC/ST/OBC and PWD).** Candidates who have appeared in the 10+2 examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to appear in the test.o Age of candidate should not be more than 20 years in case of General/OBC candidates (22 years in case of SC/ST and persons with Disability)** as on 1st July, 2012.
o The candidate must have passed the qualifying examination at the time of his/her admission and be able to submit its proof.
** Subject to State reservation at the University concerned.


Eligibility for Post-Graduate Programmes

To be eligible for appearing in CLAT, a candidate should have obtained a LL.B/B.L. Degree or an equivalent degree from a recognised University with not less than 55% marks in aggregate (50% in case of SC/ST /OBC and persons with Disability)*.

Candidates who have appeared in the qualifying degree examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to appear in the test**.

*Subject to state reservation at the University concerned
**The candidate must have passed the qualifying examination at the time of his/her admission and be able to submit its proof



  1. Mode of obtaining Application form
    • Printed Application Forms along with the CLAT Information Brochure will be available at the designated branches (* of the State Bank of India, or in any of Law Schools mentioned above against payment of Rs.3000/- only (Rs.2500/- in case of SC/ST/PWD on submission of proof) inclusive of test fee and bank charges.
    • Request for Application Form may be sent to the Convener, CLAT, National Law University, Jodhpur, NH-65, Nagour Road, Mandore, Jodhpur -342 304 (Raj.) with a demand-draft of Rs.3000/- only (Rs.2500/- in case of SC/ST/PWD) drawn in favour of the National Law University, Jodhpur CLAT A/C and payable at Jodhpur (Rajasthan).
    • Candidates can also apply online by visiting and following the instructions given at*
    • Applications can also be downloaded from*


  2. Mode of Applying
    • Duly filled OMR application form along with necessary documents as mentioned in the OMR application form to The Convener, CLAT-2012 either in person or through registered post to the following address so as to reach on or before 31 March 2012. The address for sending the filled in forms is:
      The Convener,
      Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)
      National Law University, Jodhpur
      NH-65, Nagour Road, Mandore,
      Jodhpur (Raj.)-342 304.
    • Candidates applying on downloaded application forms must enclose Demand Draft/Bankers Cheque/ Pay order of Rs.3000/- (Rs.2500/- for SC/ST/PWD candidates) in favour of "National Law University, Jodhpur CLAT A/C" and payable at Jodhpur (Rajasthan).
    • Candidates applying online should have a demand draft of Rs.3000/- (Rs.2500/- for SC/ST/PWD candidates) in favour of "National Law University, Jodhpur CLAT A/C" and payable at Jodhpur (Rajasthan)ready before starting the procedure.

Note : Incomplete application or application received after the last date shall not be considered. University shall not be responsible for any postal/courier delay.


Pattern of the CLAT Paper for Under-Graduate Programme

Total Marks 200
Total number of multiple-choice questions of one mark each 200
Duration of examination Two Hours
Subject areas with weightage:
English including Comprehension 40 Marks
General Knowledge/ Current Affairs 50 Marks
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 20 Marks
Legal Aptitude 50 Marks
Logical Reasoning 40 Marks


The different subject areas of the exam are explained as under:

  1. English including Comprehension

    The English section will test the candidate’s proficiency in English based comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be questioned on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein etc. The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.

  2. General Knowledge/Current Affairs

    This section will only test students on their knowledge of current affairs (broadly defined as matters featuring in the mainstream media between March 2011 and March 2012)

  3. Mathematics

    This section will test candidates only on “elementary” mathematics i.e. maths that is taught up to the class X.

  4. Logical Reasoning

    The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the student’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It will include a wide variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.

  5. Legal Aptitude

    This section will test students only on “legal aptitude”. Questions will be framed with the help of legal propositions (described in the paper), and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied. Some propositions may not be “true” in the real sense (e.g. the legal proposition might be that any person who speaks in a movie hall and disturbs others who are watching the movie will be banned from entering any movie theatre across India for one year). Candidates will have to assume the “truth” of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly.

    Candidates will not be tested on any prior knowledge of law or legal concepts. If a technical/legal term is used in the question, that term will be explained in the question itself. For example, if the word patent is used, the meaning of patent (“a legal monopoly granted by the government for certain kinds of inventions”) will also be explained.


In event of tie between two or more candidates in the CLAT, tie will be broken by the following procedure and order:

  • Higher marks in the section of Legal aptitude in CLAT-2012,
  • Higher age and
  • Computerized draw of lots


Pattern of the CLAT Paper for Post-Graduate Programme

Total Marks 200
Duration of examination Two Hours
Multiple-choice Questions
(100 questions of 1 mark each)
Pertaining to subject areas, viz, 
Law of Contracts, Law of Torts, Criminal Law,
Constitutional Law and Legal Theory
Short-answer questions
(100 Marks)
10 questions of 10 marks each



In event of tie between two or more candidates in the CLAT, tie will be broken by the following procedure and order:

  • Higher marks in the section of short-answer questions in CLAT-2012,
  • Higher age
  • Computerized draw of lots


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