Biography: Steve Jobs
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Steve Jobs, the co-founder and former CEO of Apple, has died on 5th October 2011 at the age of 56.
Steve Job is the man behind the success of Apple Computers
Steve Job was born in California in the year 1955. His biological father was a Syrian. But was adopted by Paul jobs ( a bill collector ) and Clara ( an accountant).
While he was studying in the school he used to built electronic devices. Once, he wanted for his projects some spare parts made by Hewlett-Packard; he wrote to William Hewlett, cofounder of Hewlett-Packard, and asked for the parts to be sent to him. Hewlett responded by giving Jobs a summer job in a Hewlett-Packard factory. Here he met an Electronic genius Wozniak.
In 1972 Jobs attended Reed College, in Portland, Oregon, dropping out after one semester. He hung around the school for about a year longer, before submitting a résumé that greatly inflated his electronics experience to Atari, a pioneer in video gaming. For part of 1974 he worked as a game designer, helping create Breakout. After saving up enough money to pay his way, he left Atari and journeyed with friends to India and other places. He learnt meditation, eastern culture and religion. and accepted Buddhism and shaved his head. He became vegetarian. After that he returned back to USA.
1975 he joined the Homebrew computer club, which included Wozniak among its members. Wozniak was an electronics enthusiast. He enjoyed making gadgets and then sharing his inventions with anyone who was interested, without concern for patents or profit. It was Jobs who soon saw the potential marketability of Wozniak's circuit board combined with the microprocessor chips. In 1975 he and Wozniak became partners, and Jobs gave their enterprise the name "Apple." They designed their simple computer in Jobs's bedroom. When more space was needed, Jobs's father cleared out his home's garage, where Jobs and Wozniak cobbled together their combination of a circuit board, a microprocessor, a video screen, and Jobs's most important contribution, a typewriter-style keyboard. The inventors called it the Apple . Jobs and Wozniak sold the Apple computer for a price of $666.66. They sold about 600 Nos.
In 1977 the former Intel executive Mike Markkula, a venture capitalist, invested in Apple, becoming its chairman of the board. In 1979, Steve Jobs visited Xerox Research center which gave the idea of using Graphical Interface and mouse. Which he incorporated in his next generation of Apple computers model III. .In 1980 the Apple III was introduced, but the first 14,000 units were recalled because of defects. The Apple II remained the machine preferred by customers. In 1981 IBM introduced a personal computer and the competition started.
In 1983 the Lisa computer was introduced. It had a 32-bit microprocessor as well as an inexpensive mouse. Jobs had worked on Lisa obsessively, demanding that it be easy to use, attractive to look at, and more powerful than any other personal computer. In the process, he pushed Lisa's costs too high; the machine was too expensive and flopped
Wozniak left the apple in the year 1985 . Job also resigned and started his own company the NeXT Corporation. He also purchased an animation company pixar from the movie producer George Lucas for an amount of $10,000 Million. He developed it and produced two successful movies Toy Story and Monsters, Inc. . Later his company produced other animation movies such as Finding Nemo, The incredibles, Toystory 2, A bugs life etc. Pixar was purchased by the Walt Disney Company in 2006 for $7.4 billion. He became a board member of Walt Disney.
He returned to his old company Apple in 1996 when Apple bought NeXT.. Jobs soon became Apple's chief executive officer. Since then he is the CEO of Apple. In 1996, when he joined, Apple company was in a bad shape. His hard work and dedication helped the company to get back its momentum. Under his leadership , the Apple company marketed several successful products such as iMac, Ipod and Iphone. In 2008, the annual sales of Apple company was 32.48 billion. They employs more than 35,000 people
In 1989 Jobs gave a lecture at Stanford University. While there, he met Laurene Powell, an MBA student. In 1991 they married, and they have three children
Jobs was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2003 and had surgery in July of 2004. He had a liver transplant in 2008.
Steve Jobs and Microsoft's Bill Gates are the two people most often credited with the development of the mass-market personal computer.
In 2007, Fortune Magazine listed him as the most powerful business man.
Steve Jobs has died on 5th October 2011 at the age of 56.
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