The World’s Best Places To Live
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By Rajeshni Naidu-Ghelani:
Can there be a city that is crime and pollution free, with excellent public
transport and great schools to boast?
Human resources consulting firm Mercer has put together a list of cities that
come closest to offering you all that. In its 2012 Quality of Living report it
looks at living conditions in 221 cities worldwide and ranks them against New
York as a base city in 10 categories - economy, socio-cultural environment,
politics, education, and healthcare.
Cities in some of the world's biggest economies like the U.S. and Japan don't
make the cut. So, which are the world's best places to live in? Read ahead to
1. Vienna, Austria
Austria's most populous city – Vienna – has won the title of the world's best
city for quality of life since 2009. It is also one of eight European cities to
make the top 10 list, showing the region's dominance in the survey.
Vienna is the cultural, economic, and political center of the country. It has
the highest per capita GDP among all Austrian cities at over $55,000. Vienna's
ability to transform old infrastructure into modern dwellings won the city the
2010 United Nations urban planning award for improving the living conditions of
its residents. Under a multimillion-dollar program, the city refurbished more
than 5,000 buildings with nearly 250,000 apartments. Vienna is also the world's
No. 1 destination for conferences, drawing five million tourists a year —
equivalent to three tourists for every resident.
The country's economy has, however, not been immune to the crisis plaguing
Europe, and shrunk 0.1 percent in the third quarter of the year, as the European
Union entered its second recession since 2009.
2. Zurich, Switzerland
Zurich, Switzerland's largest city, keeps the number two spot from last year
after holding the title of the city with the best quality of life in the world
previously. It is also one of three Swiss cities to make the top 10 rankings –
tying with Germany for the most number of cities on the list.
Known as a global financial center, one out of every nine jobs in Switzerland is
based in Zurich. Its low tax rates attract overseas companies and the assets of
the 82 banks based there are equivalent to more than 85 percent of the total
value of assets held in Switzerland. The city is also the country's biggest
tourist destination, famous for its lakeside location and chain of hills that
run from north to south, providing an extensive range of leisure activities.
The cost of living in Zurich is the sixth highest in the world, according to
Mercer. Both Zurich and Geneva make Switzerland the most expensive country to
live in in Western Europe. The city also attracts people to buy luxury
properties here, because of its low taxes, safety record and good education
system, according to real estate firm Knight Frank.
3. Auckland, New Zealand
New Zealand's largest and most populous city, Auckland, offers the best quality
of life in the Asia-Pacific region, now for the second year in a row. It has
been consistently placed within the top five best places to live in for the past
Auckland is uniquely set between two harbors, with 11 extinct volcanoes and
numerous islands making it the city with the world's largest boat ownership per
person. Auckland is New Zealand's economic powerhouse - its 1.4 million people
account for more than 30 percent of the country's population and contribute 35
percent to the country's GDP. Auckland is also home to the most educated people
in the country, with nearly 37 percent of its working population holding a
bachelor's degree or higher.
In March, the city launched a 30-year initiative called "The Auckland Plan" to
make it the world's most livable city. The plan aims to tackle challenges in
transport, housing, job creation and environment protection. However, the city
has been impacted by the global economic slowdown. In the third quarter New
Zealand's unemployment rate hit a 13-year high of 7.3 percent.
4. Munich, Germany
Munich is Germany's third largest city and one of the country's key economic
centers. It is also one of three German cities to dominate the top 10 rankings
for the best quality of life.
Holding on its fourth spot from last year, Munich is home to some of Germany's
most notable businesses, including engineering firm Siemens and insurer Allianz.
The city generates nearly 30 percent of the gross domestic product of the State
of Bavaria. Munich's per capita purchasing power was more than $33,700 in 2011,
the highest among all German cities and 30 percent above the national average.
Drawing immigrants to its industries from all over the world, more than a fifth
of the city's residents are foreigners.
Munich ties fellow German city Frankfurt for having the second best
infrastructure in the world, according to Mercer. In total, four German cities
including Dusseldorf and Hamburg dominate the top 10 infrastructure rankings
highlighting the country's first-class airports and high standard of public
5. Vancouver, Canada
Vancouver is the only Canadian and North American city to make the top 10 list
this year, similar to 2011.
Vancouver has made it to a number of rankings on the world's most livable cities
over the past decade and has been among the top five in the Mercer quality of
living survey for the past six years. Home to one of the mildest climates in
Canada, Vancouver is also its greenest city with the smallest carbon footprint
of any major city in North America. Surrounded by water and snowy mountains,
Vancouver's government constantly promotes green building, planning, and
technology with the ambition of becoming the world's greenest city by 2020.
In terms of infrastructure, Vancouver also tops the rankings for North America
at ninth with Montreal and Atlanta landing in 13th place. Overall, Canadian
cities still dominate the top of the rankings for North America despite only
Vancouver making it into the global top 10. Ottawa comes in at 14, Toronto at 15
and Montreal at 23, while it's closet U.S. competitor is Honolulu at 28
See the full list: The World's Best Places to Live