Child adoption in India
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“Adoption” means the process through which the adopted child is permanently
separated from his biological parents and becomes the legitimate child of his
adoptive parents with all the rights, privileges and responsibilities that are
attached to the relationship. Adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered
children in India is governed by a set of guidelines notified by Government of
The process of adopting a child in the country has been sought to be made
transparent and uncomplicated with the government launching a web-based Central
information system which would create a database on each adoptable child with
Prospective parents seeking to adopt a child will henceforth get a ready-reckoner
in the form of Central Adoption Resource and Guidance System (CARINGS) aimed at
facilitating the adoption process.
Besides ensuring a speedy and transparent adoption, the government would also be
able to monitor adoption and post-adoption process. Out of the total 326
adoption agencies across the country, 172 have so far registered with CARINGS.
The rest of the adoption agencies are in the process of signing the Memoranda of
Understandings (MoUs) with the government, she said.
“Efforts will be made to bring all the functions of various adoption agencies in
the country on the list,” she said adding that action would be taken for
cancellation of the licences of the agencies failing to register with the
government. Under the new guidelines, the fees for domestic adoptions would be
to Rs 45,000 and for foreigners, it would be $5000.
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